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Anyone can learn for free on OpenLearn but creating an account lets you set up a personal learning profile which tracks your course progress and gives you access to Statements of Participation and digital badges you earn along the way. Course content Course content Factors that influence health: An introduction This free course is available to start right now.
Review the full course description and key learning outcomes and create an account and enrol if you want a free statement of participation. Free course Factors that influence health: An introduction 3 Individual lifestyle factors As you have seen above, emphasis on individual lifestyle as a determinant of health can be seen in most policies and strategies.
The main issues addressed usually include diet and physical activity, tobacco and alcohol use, drug intake and sexual activity, although, at various times, other issues have also fallen within this rubric, for example, exposure to the sun and use of seat belt or child car seat.
Many attempts to promote public health have focused on the individual and their lifestyle, and this seems to be a fairly common-sense approach.
After all, it could be argued that if individuals ate a little less and took more exercise, then they would be less likely to become obese. If they smoked less and drank less alcohol they would be at a reduced risk of long-term conditions such as heart disease or cirrhosis, and if individuals engaged in safe sex, then they would be less likely to become infected with HIV or other sexually transmitted infections.
Individual behaviour can play an important part in health and illness, so maintaining a healthy lifestyle could well be simply a matter of self-control.
However, as outlined below, lifestyle accounts have been challenged on several counts. At a practical level, research has shown that it is very difficult to change individual behaviour. Although there have been some instances of success e.
For example, although smoking has declined over time, a recent Omnibus Survey Lader and Goddard, of smoking behaviour found that nearly 80 per cent of current smokers had tried unsuccessfully to give up smoking; and of these, 46 per cent had received advice on smoking cessation.
Many theories and models have been developed to help explain individual health behaviours. However, one of the key problems facing those promoting public health is the failure of many individuals to follow healthy lifestyle advice. Two key explanations have been put forward to explain this.
The second explanation draws on the idea that individuals can believe that health is largely determined by external factors, therefore denying the relevance of individual behavioural change. For example, a study of stress among mothers caring for children with intellectual impairments found an internal locus of control to be a protective factor Hassall et al.
A study of perceived risk for breast cancer also noted that women with an internal locus of control were more likely to engage in protective health behaviours such as attending screening Rowe et al.
However, taking control is subject to the ability to take responsibility for health and to make choices, both of which are governed by power relations. In other words, not everyone is free to make decisions and choices, since individual choice and control can be constrained both by other people and by the factors that influence health.
While targeting individual behaviour might seem to be common sense, it is important to recognise that distinct patterns of behaviour can be found among different social groups.This bar-code number lets you verify that you're getting exactly the right version or edition of a book.
The digit and digit formats both work. These physical factors will help maintain your physical needs and your wellbeing. Without good physical health other factors affecting wellbeing may fall as well. Essay about factors affecting learning Factors affecting. Factors affecting health and well being essaysThe health status of a particular group or community is dependant upon many factors.
In the main, you can think of different communities as being of different social classes. A persons social status is almost directly related to that person's heal. Well-being can provide a common metric that can help policy makers shape and compare the effects of different policies At the individual level, genetic factors, personality, and demographic factors are related to well-being.
Health and Well-Being ;. The goal of the Dental Public Health Residency program is to provide dentists with training in the general public health as well as dental public health and prepare them to function as public health dentists whose activities are concerned with preventing and controlling dental diseases and promoting dental health through organized community efforts.
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