Not only was it an illusion, but it was a harmful one, because beneath the guise of objectivity there lay a hidden agenda, namely, an interest in domination. Treating people as objects of study, rather than as subjects, was not politically neutral, because it generated a type of knowledge that just happened to be precisely of the sort that one would need in order to manipulate and control them. Rather than striving for an elusive value neutrality, it would instead adopt a commitment to improving the human condition, then make these commitments explicit, as part of the inquiry, so that the entire exercise would be methodologically transparent. What have I learned in the interim?
The phrase mental behavior and mental processes means many things: Psychology is divided into sub-fields such as health, human development, law, and many other sub fields, just to name a few. The major schools of thought in Psychology are structuralism, functionalism, behaviorism, psychodynamic, humanistic, cognition, and evolutionary.
He founded the first psychological laboratory in Germany in Wundt used introspection to evaluate thoughts and behaviors when subjects were presented with a stimulus such as a pink object on a card and basically were asked to put in their own words what they were feeling.
Tichener focused on consciousness and therefore founded the first school of psychology known as structuralism. Structuralism focused on uncovering the fundamental mental components of perception, consciousness, thinking, emotions, and other kinds of mental states and activities Feldman, Chapter 1.
As a response to structuralism, it was replaced by functionalism. Functionalism relied heavily on the works of William James, who was a Harvard Psychologist, and the Evolutionary theory of Charles Darwin.
Instead of maintaining the focus on consciousness, functionalists focused on consciousness and how behavior functions.
James believed that knowledge about human psychology could come from many sources, including not only introspection and experimentation but also the study of children, other animals, and people whose minds do not function adequately such as the mentally ill Kowalski and Westen, Behaviorism was a school of thought that came prevalent in the s.
This perspective varies from the other perspectives in that it relies on the relation between external events and observable behaviors. Ivan Pavlov was a Russian physiologist that initiated studies on dogs. Pavlov discovered that his dogs learned to anticipate a meal when they heard a sound from a whistle.
Whenever the dogs heard the whistle they began to salivate associating that with the meal. Sigmund Freuda Viennese physician, was the founder of the psychodynamic approach. Proponents of the psychodynamic perspective argue that behavior is motivated by inner forces and conflicts about which we have little awareness and control Feldman.
The humanistic approach is based on free will. Once a part of philosophy, psychology has developed into several schools of thought that describe the theories some of these individuals use to approach what they are observing from different people and their actions.
Some of these theories do have conflictions from others, but all have a good amount of validity to their theories.
Many things contribute to the biological well being of a person and those things can determine what kind of behavior the person will display. The major schools of thought are introspection, structuralism, functionalism, psychodynamic theory, cognitive theory, and behavioral theory.
Introspection was a method in which a person would report anything the person had come across their mind when they were given some kind of stimulus or task to do. Structuralism used introspection to uncover parts of consciousness and how they combine into ideas with one another.
Functionalism applied the Darwinian Theory where roles or functions would aid in helping an individual adapt to their environment. The psychodynamic theory has three parts that describe it.EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY INTERACTIVE Readings in Educational Psychology.
Developed by: W. Huitt Last updated: November Psychology is the process of understanding ones mental processes such as how and why one thinks, feels, and behaves the way they do.
Psychology is the process by which the scientific method is used to better understand and test . 🔥Citing and more!
Add citations directly into your paper, Check for unintentional plagiarism and check for writing mistakes. The Department of Educational Psychology (EPSY) is home to a variety of interrelated disciplines and degree options focused on human development and well-being in educational and community contexts.
Essay Foundations of Psychology. Foundations of Psychology One of the most complex and diverse subjects in all of the social sciences is the study of the mind. Psychology, the constant attempt to understand human behavior, full of variables and unpredictable.
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