National Assessment Governing Board. Writing framework for the National Assessment of Educational Progress, pre-publication edition. It follows that writing assessments aligned with the Standards should adhere to the distribution of writing purposes across grades outlined by NAEP.
Bibliography Definition The introduction leads the reader from a general subject area to a particular topic of inquiry. It establishes the scope, context, and significance of the research being conducted by summarizing current understanding and background information about the topic, stating the purpose of the work in the form of the research problem supported by a hypothesis or a set of questions, explaining briefly the methodological approach used to examine the research problem, highlighting the potential outcomes your study can reveal, and outlining the remaining structure and organization of the paper.
Key Elements of the Research Proposal. Prepared under the direction of the Superintendent and by the Curriculum Design and Writing Team. Baltimore County Public Schools. Importance of a Good Introduction Think of the introduction as a mental road map that must answer for the reader these four questions: What was I studying?
Why was this topic important to investigate? What did we know about this topic before I did this study? How will this study advance new knowledge or new ways of understanding? According to Reyes, there are three overarching goals of a good introduction: A well-written introduction is important because, quite simply, you never get a second chance to make a good first impression.
The opening paragraphs of your paper will provide your readers with their initial impressions about the logic of your argument, your writing style, the overall quality of your research, and, ultimately, the validity of your findings and conclusions.
A vague, disorganized, or error-filled introduction will create a negative impression, whereas, a concise, engaging, and well-written introduction will lead your readers to think highly of your analytical skills, your writing style, and your research approach.
All introductions should conclude with a brief paragraph that describes the organization of the rest of the paper. A Comparison between Brazilian, Portuguese, and English.
A Social Sciences Guide. Sage,pp. Demystifying the Journal Article. Structure and Writing Style I. Structure and Approach The introduction is the broad beginning of the paper that answers three important questions for the reader: Why should I read it?
Think of the structure of the introduction as an inverted triangle of information that lays a foundation for understanding the research problem. Organize the information so as to present the more general aspects of the topic early in the introduction, then narrow your analysis to more specific topical information that provides context, finally arriving at your research problem and the rationale for studying it [often written as a series of key questions to be addressed or framed as a hypothesis or set of assumptions to be tested] and, whenever possible, a description of the potential outcomes your study can reveal.
These are general phases associated with writing an introduction: Establish an area to research by: Identify a research niche by: Place your research within the research niche by: Stating the intent of your study, Outlining the key characteristics of your study, Describing important results, and Giving a brief overview of the structure of the paper.
It is often useful to review the introduction late in the writing process. This is appropriate because outcomes are unknown until you've completed the study.
After you complete writing the body of the paper, go back and review introductory descriptions of the structure of the paper, the method of data gathering, the reporting and analysis of results, and the conclusion.
Reviewing and, if necessary, rewriting the introduction ensures that it correctly matches the overall structure of your final paper. Delimitations of the Study Delimitations refer to those characteristics that limit the scope and define the conceptual boundaries of your research.
This is determined by the conscious exclusionary and inclusionary decisions you make about how to investigate the research problem. In other words, not only should you tell the reader what it is you are studying and why, but you must also acknowledge why you rejected alternative approaches that could have been used to examine the topic.
Obviously, the first limiting step was the choice of research problem itself.Section Headings: Main Section Headings: Each main section of the paper begins with a heading which should be capitalized, centered at the beginning of the section, and double spaced from the lines above and timberdesignmag.com not underline the section heading OR put a colon at the end.
Example of a main section heading. Layout and Length. For most assessed reports you will be told how long it should be, generally by the number of words. This is generally only a guide and is not set in stone; in most cases this limit does not include appendices and citation pages.. If you plan to write for a specific journal, a good advice is to check the research paper outline of some of .
Virginia Montecino [email protected] © Virginia Montecino Jan You may use this assignment if you attribute the source and include the URL. • The purpose of the introduction is the same as any research paper: in one to two paragraphs, briefly introduce and state the issue to be examined. • The introduction always states what you are trying to prove/disprove in the paper. II. THESIS STATEMENT • The most important part of your introduction is this statement. • The thesis statement is the direction of your paper. Layout and Length. For most assessed reports you will be told how long it should be, generally by the number of words. This is generally only a guide and is not set in stone; in most cases this limit does not include appendices and citation pages.. If you plan to write for a specific journal, a good advice is to check the research paper outline of some of .
The final paragraph or sentences of your introduction should forecast your main arguments and conclusions and provide a brief description of the rest of the paper [the "roadmap"] that let's the reader know where you are going and what to expect. The last sentence of your introduction should be your thesis statement.
The thesis statement is a condensed version of your argument. Your thesis statement should clearly state the conclusion to the question, problem or debate that your paper addresses. All research reports use roughly the same format. It doesn't matter whether you've done a customer satisfaction survey, an employee opinion survey, a health care survey, or a marketing research survey.
English Language Arts Standards» Introduction» Key Design Consideration Print this page CCR and grade-specific standards. The CCR standards anchor the document and define general, cross-disciplinary literacy expectations that must be met for students to be prepared to enter college and workforce training programs ready to succeed.