This is an essential part of a PhD dissertation.
Show all Hide all The main attribute of a good literature review is that it is well structured. A good place to start is to look at other theses, but make sure that you are looking at a good example of a thesis your supervisor may recommend a few for you to look at.
When examining these pieces of work, try to identify the structure and see Literature review research paper structure they have linked their ideas together. The information in the literature review is synthesised, or brought together to form a cohesive whole.
Those who read the review should clearly understand the reasons for selecting your research area or question, its relationship to past work, and the central procedures that have been employed by past investigations. In addition, they should know the weaknesses of past studies and how your research contributes to this field in the advancement of knowledge.
Beginning your review Create a mind map of the concepts that you will discuss in your review, including key words and synonyms. Mind mapping As you review books and journals, write down the topic words that you have selected. It is suggested that you create a mind map of the all of the terms that apply to your topic before conducting a literature search.
This mind map can then be used to guide your literature search as well as making sure that you discuss pertinent concepts in the review itself. See an example mind map. This mind map and its sections can also be the subsections that you use for storing the results of your research e.
Literature review structure The following is a guide to structuring your literature review based on Newman, Benz, Weis, and McNeil It is recommended that the literature review forms one separate chapter of your thesis.
This is most common when the research problem is defined early on and remains relatively unchanged. However, if the direction of the study changes due to new research findings, then new literature may need to be included in subsequent sections or chapters.
Each sub-section of the suggested review structure will be expanded upon separately. General background information This section is most likely the longest section of the thesis.
An introduction A review of the past and present literature in relation to your research purpose Clarification of the purpose of study General hypotheses to be tested.
The review begins with an introduction that discusses the topic, key concepts and terms, and describes the scope and organisation of the review.
You can use the two-topic format or the funnel format see Alternative methods below. Both formats include the identification of key topics that will be covered in the review. In addition, these formats guide the way the review is structured, which makes the writing of the task easier because you can focus on writing one section at a time and keep on track with your review topics.
Theory This section outlines relevant theories that impact your study.
You may find it difficult to find information for this section, especially in new fields of research. Still, even in ground-breaking research, there should be some theoretical foundation upon which your work rests.
There may not be a strong link in this case, but it does help if there is some basis for your work, albeit indirect.A literature review surveys books, scholarly articles, and any other sources relevant to a particular issue, area of research, or theory, and by so doing, provides a description, summary, and critical evaluation of these works in relation to the research problem being investigated.
The main thing to remember with any research paper is that it is based on an hourglass structure. It begins with general information and undertaking a literature review, This section outline how to lay out the parts of a research paper. Literature review structure The following is a guide to structuring your literature review based on Newman, Benz, Weis, and McNeil ().
It is recommended that the literature review forms one separate chapter of your thesis. Writing a Literature Review Paper 1.
Your first question when assigned a literature review paper may be “what is it?” A literature review paper synthesizes the key theories and results in a field of study. It describes, evaluates and critiques a large number of resources, then demonstrates how A good research topic focuses on a.
The length of each section depends on whether you are writing a brief literature review for a research paper or a whole chapter (or more) as part of a dissertation.
The introduction should provide the reader with the scale and structure of your review. Planning and Writing a Research Paper Survey the Literature. To find an area of interest, survey and review the subject matter for .