So there are many types of Operating systems those are organized by using their Working Techniques. In this the Program Counter will determines which instruction is going to Execute and the which instruction will be Execute after this.
CMMS are used by facilities maintenance organizations to record, manage, and communicate their day-to-day operations. In today's maintenance world, the CMMS is an essential tool for recording work requirements, tracking the status of the work, and analyzing the recorded data in order to manage the work, produce reports, and help control costs.
Facility professionals use tools to manage the planning and day-to-day operations and maintenance activities required for a single facility or a large complex.
These tools also provide all of the information required to manage the work, the work force, and the costs necessary to generate management reports and historical data.
Description The goal of a maintenance manager is to employ a management system that optimizes the use of valuable resources manpower, equipment, material, and funds to maintain facilities and equipment.
The system should provide for integrated processes, giving the manager control over the maintenance of all facilities and maintainable equipment from acquisition to disposal.
Address all resources involved, Record and maintain work history, Include work tasks and frequencies, Accommodate all methods of work accomplishment, Effectively interface and communicate with related and supporting systems, ranging from work generation through work performance and evaluation, Support each customer's mission, Ensure communication with each customer, Provide feedback information for analysis, and Reduce costs through effective maintenance planning.
A modern CMMS meets these requirements and assists the facilities maintenance manager with work reception, planning, control, performance, evaluation, and reporting. Such a system will also maintain historical information for management use.
The manager should only acquire what is necessary to accomplish the maintenance organization's goals. The following paragraphs include details of capabilities that may be included in a modern CMMS.
Operating Locations The CMMS may include an application that allows an operator to enter and track locations where equipment operates and organize these locations into logical hierarchies or network systems. Work orders can then be written either against the location itself or against the equipment in the operating location.
Using operating locations allows for the tracking of the equipment's lifecycles history and provides the capability to track the equipment's performance at specific sites. Equipment The CMMS may include a module that allows an operator to keep accurate and detailed records of each piece of equipment.
This module would include equipment-related data, such as bill of material, Preventive Maintenance PM schedule, service contracts, safety procedures, measurement points, multiple meters, inspection routes, specification data name plateequipment downtime, and related documentation.
This equipment data is used for managing day-to-day operations and also as historical data that can be used to help make cost-effective "replace or repair" decisions. The data can also be used to develop additional management information, such as building equipment downtime failure code hierarchies for use in maintenance management metrics.
This module typically includes records for all maintenance personnel, including their craft or trade categories, such as mechanic, electrician, or plumber. Additionally, this module may include labor rates in order to capture and track true labor costs against any asset or piece of equipment.
Some CMMS will allow maintenance managers to also track skill levels and qualifications for each resource to help in planning and scheduling work. Grouping labor categories into common associations can help a manager assign work to particular shop rather than an individual.
The following capabilities should be available: Manual or automatic safety plan numbering. Building safety plans for special work. Tracking hazards for multiple equipment and locations.Rather than implement a single, global ES, these companies need to roll out different versions of the same system in each regional unit, tailored to support local operating practices.
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