Actor, comedian, activist and art collector What Is A Chicano? To me, you have to declare yourself a Chicano in order to be a Chicano. That makes a Chicano a Mexican-American with a defiant political attitude that centers on his or her right to self-definition. I'm a Chicano because I say I am.
Transcription, Editing and Markup: You can freely copy, distribute and display this work; as well as make derivative and commercial works. The Call is publishing J. We invite other readers to comment on this question. It is significant that the first year of this decade marks the 10th anniversary of the Chicano Moratorium and with it the police killing of a Chicano journalist who, through regular articles in the L.
Times, tried to answer the following question: What is a Chicano, and what is he fighting for? Ruben Salazar, who was murdered by L. In my view, that is the consciousness of progressive nationalism.
Within the last ten years, Marxist circles have also tackled the question, recognizing that the liberation struggle of the Mexican people in the U.
In recent years two principle schools of thought have emerged within the Marxist-Leninist movement. One declares that Chicanos are a nation distinct from the Mexican people, with a separate territory, economy, etc. This view suggests that the Chicano struggle is mainly for the right of this distinct people to form a separate nation state.
The second view is that Chicanos are an oppressed national minority who have been dispersed from the main body of the Mexican nation by the annexation of the Southwest and by the continuous exploitation of Mexico by U. This position adds that the ultimate struggle of Chicanos is for political power and the right to determine their destiny, that this fight has a life of its own, but also links up with the overall class struggle.
Much unclarity still exists, and an obvious need for more practice in the Chicano movement on the part of the left is obvious. Which of these two views better explains the historical relations between U.
Which in practice can lead to uniting all people of Mexican descent in the U. In my view it is the latter, although it still needs to be developed and tested in practice. My argument with the Chicano nation theory can be seen in relation to two points: I contend that the history, culture and language of the people of Mexican origin in the Southwest or anywhere else for that matter cannot be mechanically separated nor isolated from the history, culture and language of the Mexican nation.
Many of those who developed into the Mexican nation resided in what is now the Southwest U. Millions more migrated there after and continue to do so today.
Are they two distinct people with separate histories and national characteristics? It came to represent rebelliousness against national oppression and forced assimilation. Far from distinguishing Chicanos from Mexicans, it reasserts our pride in our Mexican origins, a pride that comes from a rich culture, history and revolutionary traditions of Mexico and Mexicans.
Since the vast majority of Chicanos are descendants of 20th century Mexican immigrants, it is absurd and ahistorical to suggest that Chicanos and Mexicans are two distinct nationalities.
Nations simply do not develop in the space of one generation. The problem with the second error, the view that the Chicano struggle is mainly aimed at establishing a separate nation state, is that it equates separatism with revolution and unwittingly isolates the Chicano movement from the general revolutionary struggle in the U.
Of course, there is also the harsh reality that U. One measure of this inequality is the disproportionate numbers of Chicanos killed in Vietnam, an injustice which became the target of the mass Chicano movement in the s and was highlighted a decade ago by the August 29th Moratorium.
While this oppression is mainly felt in the most immediate sense around questions of discrimination in jobs, housing, language, etc. It seems to me that the Chicano nation theorists do not think that the struggle against this oppression and chauvinism, i.
Why raise one road, that of separatism, to such a high level, especially when the great majority of Chicano working people seem to reject it? This is not to say that Marxist-Leninists should oppose the fight for self-determination.
To some, self-determination means community control, to others political representation, etc. Historically this term has been used throughout the world by ail classes, in a rhetorical manner. And today some revolutionary nationalists have adopted it. But it is deceptive for Marxist-Leninists to use the term self-determination without explaining clearly what they mean.
According to the Leninist definition, to uphold this right is to uphold the right of a nation to form a separate nation state. But on what basis would such a Chicano state be built? Will it be by raising the demands and aspirations of the masses of Chicanos and uniting them into a broad united front?Xicano as a political identity.
Political themes have consistently informed the Xicano identity.
Embracing indigenous ancestry and rejecting Anglo domination has been central to Xicanismo from its start. As Ruben Salazar wrote in , “a Chicano is a Mexican-American with a non-Anglo image of himself.” In other words, Xicanos define .
The Chicano Art Movement represents attempts by Mexican-American artists to establish a unique artistic identity in the United States.
Much of the art and the artists creating Chicano Art were heavily influenced by Chicano Movement (El Movimiento) which began in the s. Youth, Identity, Power is the classic study of the origins of the s Chicano civil rights movement.
Written by a leader of the Chicano student movement who also played a key role in the creation of the wider Chicano Movement, this is the first full-length work to appear on the subject.5/5(1).
Chicano Marxists will be better able revolutionize the politics of the Chicano movement if they base themselves on reality and promote the full unity of the people of Mexican descent and their organizations.
But to do this they must grapple with the question of Chicano identity. Are Chicanos as different from Mexicans as they are from Anglos. "Chicana/o Identity in a Changing U.S. Society" is an unprecedented introduction to psychological issues that students can relate to and understand.
It complements other titles in the Mexican American Experience series to provide a balanced view of issues that affect Mexican Americans today.5/5(5). In true Chicano fashion, this should be the official version.
The word "Chicano" was originally a derisive term from Mexicans to other Mexicans living in the United States. The concept was that those Mexicans living in the U.S.
were no longer truly Mexicanos because they had given up their country by living in Houston, Los Angeles, "Guada La .